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V.A.: 가요 박물관 "Gayo Museum" Best 220 (10cd-box)

CD1, the 50s, an early achieved freedom in expression...

In the 50s musically there was no restriction, and the music very much was flourishing and developing, using the elements developed under Japanese education, restriction and adaptation, using a certain westernisation, a context of ballroom music, adapting elements of a creative new folklore song style, with at it’s weirdest an operette-like folklore vibrato in the voice, that can have a schlager-like association. Elsewhere it almost sounds more like classical singing. But other voices express more direct emotional strength in their singing or a somewhat more westernised singing. The musical themes can adapt elements of mambo or chachacha. Compared to all other periods, this still might be my favourite one. The first CD is dedicated to that period.

Na Ae Sim seems to be one of the most exceptional voices. “Do not ask the past” is a very direct song, also very directly inspired, with piano and violin only and some accordion only, a strong song. Also the 8th track is a powerful song by her and her powerful emotional voice, showing exceptional, universal qualities. This track has a few accordion solos.

From the other tracks, there’s much variation in the arrangements. The combo can show a bit of jazz influence, or a sax / accordion solo. There can be acoustic picking leads (not sure by which instrument). There are a few tracks, with song, with a tango context. A few tracks are more eastern-sounding.

Strange is track 4 by Lee Sohn, showing a western movie-like song/voice with walking boot rhythm on guitar picking, and a whistling solo in the song. Track 16 has a Hawaiian electric guitar and song theme. Every track is very good.

DISC 1 01 . 과거를 묻지 마세요(나애심) 외 21곡 1.과거를 묻지 마세요

1 과거를 묻지 마세요 / Do not ask the past - 나애심 / Na Ae-Sim (1959)

2 방랑시인 김삿갓 - 명국환 / Myeong Kook-Hwan (1957)

3 댄서의 순정- 박신자 / Park Sin-Ja (1959)

4 이별의 종착역 / End of separation - 손시향 / Lee Sohn (1960)

5 밤비의 부르스 -안정애 / An Jung-Ae (1958)

6 연분홍 로맨스 - 윤일로 / Yun Il-Ro (1958)

7 유정천리 / Chisato wells - 박재흥 / Park Jae-Hong (1959)

8 백치 아다다 -나애심 / Na Ae-Sim (1956)

9 항구의 사랑 / Port of love -윤일로 / Yun Il-Ro (1959)

10 대전 부르스 - 안정애 / An Jung-Ae (1959)

11 고향에 찾아와도 / Come home too - 최갑석 / Choi Gap-Seok (1958)

12 아마다미아 / Amada Mia - 이남순 / Yin Am-Sun (1951)

13 울어라 기타줄아 -손인호 / Shon In Ho (1955)

14 그 이름 / The name - 오사라 / O Sarah (1958)

15 기타부기 - 윤일로 / Yun Il-Ro (1959)

16 하와이안 훌라아가씨 / Hawaiian hula girl - 김선영 / Kim Seon-Young (1959)

17 남원의 애수 - 김용만 / Kim Yong-Man (1957)

18 휘파람 불며 - 박재흥 / Park Jae-Hong (1957)

19 만리포 사랑 - 박경원 / Park Kyeong-Won (1958)

20 여반장 - 김용만 / Kim Yong-Man (1959)

21 경상도 아가씨의 순정 - 차은희 / Cha Eun-Hee (1961)

22 장한몽(이수일과 심순애) - 고복수/황금심 / Ko Bok-Soo & Hwang Keum-Sim

CD2, the heights of ballroom music...

The second CD continues with this early period. Most tracks are “eastern style” or early from a trot influence, often mixed with chachacha and a touch of combo jazz. Every track is good.

For those interested, I will go a bit into detail.

- The track by Hwang Jung-Ja starts with a traditional Korean tune, an introduction before a cheery-up chachacha played by a jazz combo, which I guess is the interpretation of a folk song.

- The Nam In Soo song is a happy marching song with band and walking flute solos.

- The Yun Il Roo song is another light-happy jazzy chachacha with a good arrangement of old time jazz brass with accents on wooden block.

- Also the track by Domi is happy, where an acoustic guitar plays a light melody, the band arrangements with accordion and other instruments sound a bit like the automated bar music that I know from the 20s/30s which were based upon such combos. It features some string parts too.

- A favourite is the Nam In-Su track. It suddenly features a known tune on Hawaiian guitar (wish I knew which one). It’s singing is light and happy, and for me it reminds me slightly of Japanese folk. It has nice arrangements of flute and accordion.

- The Baek Ya-Sung song has a boogie electric guitar intro and a few more parts, but is arranged with small string combo. Also this has medley references to certain melodies (but again, I cannot recall which one). It is slightly eastern and very entertaining.

- An Da-Seong’s track is a jazz cover with good brass arrangements of a western song, which translation goes “Cherry Rose Mambo” (not sure of the original title) , this is a happy song too. It has a small part in English, a chachacha rhythm and accordion / sax solos.

- The Song Min-Do track is a waltz song, again it is happy ballroom music.

- The track by Kim Yong-Ma and Baek Ya-Sung is sung with vocal harmonies, incorporating a known western marching jazz band theme (like a recognising point) but while remaining an independent inspiration. Also here, some jazz influence to the ballroom entertainment is heard.

- Within the track by An Da-Seong can be heard more great jazz influence and great tango interpretation (mixed with chachacha), with good guitar work too.

- Another favourite arrangement can be heard in the rather eastern melody with instruments like accordion and electric guitar, playing the melody leads, sung by An Jung-Ae.

- Nam In Soo sings a rather jumpy-rhythmic folk tune, with now and then / here and there louder power in his voice. The lead melody is either played by strings, reeds or by acoustic guitars.

- Yun Il Ro’s song is a light waltz.

- The technique of heavier vibrato in the voice can be heard with more singers, like in the Kim Yong-Man track where he’s singing in eastern style while being accompanied by acoustic guitars and accordion and some clarinet. In this track, a bit of female spoken word is added too telling the story in a theatrical way, like I know this style from Japanese examples too. It is a very nice idea.

- The next Yun Il Ro track is led by electric guitar/accordion shows the same heavy vibrato in voice, eastern style. Also here is a female voice added telling the story. A dramatic, rather sad story, it seems.

- Also Choi Sook-Ja as a female voice sings with the same technique of a strong vibrato, while being accompanied mostly by strings and accord


- Yim Ja’s track shows an eastern style, strings, the use of vibes, electric guitar solo’s, it also features in between spoken word like emotional talk.

- Nam In Soo is also known for his heavier vibrato in the voice, singing louder with it here and there. His band features clearly accordion.

- The track by Gwon Hyeg Yeong / Hyon Mi (??) is a humpapa waltz, humpapa.

- Park Jae-Hong’s track features banjo with orchestra and clear use of accordion.

- Nam Sang-Kyu’s track is accompanied melodically by flute, while also the accordion answers the main themes, a chachacha.

- Different is the last track by Lee Mi Ja because it shows a bigger band arrangement, it also sounds later in style, not sure if keyboards are added here already. But new certainly is drums and electric bass. It adds technically more effect, but at the same time with it some of it’s charm and colour variety in the arrangements is lost with it’s introduction. This way, such arrangements sound more prepared before the adaptation to the song, already more a direction of not expression based, but bigger public-directed entertainment.

DISC 2 01 . 노랫가락 차차차(황정자) 외 21곡

1 노랫가락 차차차 - 황정자 / Hwang Jung-Ja (1958)

2 무너진 사랑탑 / Shattered love - 남인수 / Na Min-Soo (1958)

3 기분파 인생 - 윤일로 / Yun Il-Ro (1962)

4 사랑의 메아리 / Meari - 도미 / Domi (1963)

5 서울행 3등실 / 3 Seoul Lanterns - 남성봉 / Nam In-Su (1960)

6 잘있거라 부산항 / Farewell from Busan - 백야성 / Baek Ya-Sung (1961)

7 체리 핑크 맘보 / Cherry Rose Mambo - 안다성 / An Da-Seong (1961)

ref. "Cherry Pink and Apple Blossem Wine"

8 추억의 거리 / Distant Memories - 송민도 / Song Min-Do (1960)

9 김군 백군 - 김용만 / Kim Yong-Man, 백야성 / Baek Ya-Sung (1963)

10 라쿰파루시타 - 안다성 / An Da-Seong (1962)

ref. "La Cumparsita"

11 순정의 부르스 - 안정애 / An Jung-Ae (1961)

12 기타소릴 듣나요 / They heard you say.. - 남인수 / Na Min-Soo (1959)

13 도라오라 / Dora comes - 윤일로 / Yun Il-Ro (1960)

14 생일 없는 소년 / Not a Birthday - 김용만 / Kim Yong-Man (1960)

15 집 없는 아이 / Homeless children - 윤일로 / Yun Il-Ro (1956)

16 눈물의 연평도 / Island of Tears - 최숙자 / Choi Sook-Ja (1964)

17 두형이를 돌려줘요 - 이미자 / Lee Mi Ja / Yi Mi Ja (1963)

18 눈 감아 드리오리 - 남인수 / Na Min-Soo (1961)

19 한송이 물망초 - 권혜경 / Kwon Hye Kyeong (1963)

20 인생수첩 / Organizing Life - 박재흥 / Park Jae-Hong (1959)

21 가로등 / Light - 남상규 / Nam Sang-Kyu/Nam Sang-Gyu (1960)

22 열아홉 순정 / Becoming 19 - 이미자 / Lee Mi-Ja (1958)

CD3, nice Americanisations of styles, as a way of modernisation...

CD 3 starts with an Arirang group singing with a band, one of the most known national traditionals, here performed with backing choir vocal arrangements that make it sound more as if in a classical musical context. You can hear how they show how different elements will be introduced and will also mostly leave the new folk style influence behind, leaving the combo and strings still a bit in reach. Introduced were already the electric guitar, (listen also to some boogie guitar on track 6), which will dominate a bit more with a different influence now and then with the use of Hawaiian guitar (track 7 to start with), also with Hawaiian songs (track 18). More Western influences will be added, and in fact by covering American and even European hits they will add with it a fresh influence. First the singing will be a bit more Western (Oh-Ki-Taek to start with, soulful and being successful in this approach). It will finally leave the cabaret and bring in associations of for instance Western movies (track 12), or will sing early 60s pop, introducing also harmony vocals (track 12 again and track 16, in 50s style). From the girl bands that are included, especially the Lee Sisters, in Andrew Sisters style were very good and also with a fresh new successful style. The arrangements will be more direct and sparser, with congas, for instance, while at first the accordion, strings and combo band still being present or available. The Chung Sisters sing the “Dominique” song from the Belgian Singing Nun. Monica Yoo’s band shows electric rock’n roll guitar, which is also new. The English songs, even in cabaret-like context (“Cute Baby” from Kim Hee-Ya) sounds great.

DISC 3 01 . 아리랑 처녀(심연옥) 외 21곡

1 아리랑 처녀 / Arirang song - 심연옥 / Sim Youn-Ok (1964)

2 용두산 에레지 - 고봉산 / Ko Bong-San (1964)

3 사랑의 뱃길 삼만리 - 황금심 / Hwang Keum-Sim, 백설희 / Baek Sul-Hee (1963)

4 항구의 인사 / Porters - 최갑석 / Choi Gap-Seok (1963)

5 아까시아에 보슬비 나리던 밤 - 이순애 / Yi Sun-Ae (1958)

6 왈순 아자매 - 김용만 / Kim Yong-Man, 백야성 / Baek Ya-Sung (1963)

7 아메리칸 마도로스 - 고봉산 / Ko Bong-San (1963)

8 영등포의 밤 - 오기택 / Oh Ki-Taek (1964)

9 꽃피는 소녀 / Flower Girl - 박재란 / Park Jae-Ran (1964)

10 종이배 - 위키리 / Wicky Lee (1964)

11 사랑의 송가 / Hymn Of Love - 한명숙 / Han Myung-Sook (1964)

12 저녁 한때 목장 풍경 / Some evening in a pastured landscape - 위키리 / Wicky Lee (1964)

13 서울의 아가씨 / Lady from Seoul - 이 시스터즈 / Lee Sisters (1964)

14 굳바이 죤 - 송영란 / (Han) Song Young-Ran (?) (1964)

ref. "Two Quirrels" & 'Lock & Keys'

15 슬픈 영화 / Sad Movies - 정 시스터즈 / Chung Sisters (1964)

16 워싱톤 광장 / Washington Square - 이 시스터즈 / Lee Sisters (1963)

ref. Village Stompers: "Washington Square"

17나의 푸른 하늘 / My Blue Heaven - 유주용 / Yu Ju-Young (1963)

18 알로하오에 - 정 시스터즈 / Jung Sisters, 아리랑 부라더즈 / Arirang Brothers (1964)

19 나이도 어린데 / From a very young Age - 조애희 / Jo Ae-Hui (1964)

20 도미니크 / Dominique - 정 시스터즈 / Chung Sisters (1964)

ref. "Dominique" (Soeur Qui Rit)

21 일요일은 참으세요 / Pretty Sunday - 모니카유 / Monica Yoo (1963)

ref. "Never On Sunday"

22 귀여운 베이비 / Cute Baby - 김계자 / Kim Hee-Ya (1964)

ref. "Pretty Little Baby"

CD4, the ballad approach...

The next CD seems to have collected the romantic ballads and songs, a positive vibe without any exaggeration. It is the foundation for the later safe ballad approach. This is still good, without being too mellow, with American songs and a few tracks in traditional new folk style. I recognise that the more melancholic slow rumba “To Tokyo, from Seoul” in fact comes from another song, so it might be a cover (Gershwin? or in fact coming close to Nat king Cole’s “Nature Boy”). The last track of this compilation is an original Keyboys folk interpretation, who with his group sound that predates the psychedelic sound, is a nice creative compromise with folk style when adapting it in a rock context, as a perfect compromise.

DISC 4 01 . 하숙생(최희준) 외 21곡

1 하숙생 - 최희준 / Choi Hee-Joon (1966)

2 행복의 샘터 / Fountain of Happiness - 박재란 / Park Jae-Ran, 이양일 / Yi Yang-Sun (1964)

3 추억의 오솔길 / Memory Lane - 남일해 / Na Mil-Hae (1966)

4 모래 위에 발자욱 / Footprints in the sand - 최양숙 / Choi Yang-Sook (1965)

5 모래 위에 적어 본 이름 / Write down this name in the sand - 이 시스터즈 / Lee Sisters (1966)

6 빛과 그림자 / Light and shadow - 최희준 / Choi Hee-Joon (1966)

ref. 'Crew Cats'

7 우중의 여인 / Woojung Lady - 오기택 / Oh-Ki-Taek (1965)

8 서울에서 동경에서 / To Tokyo, from Seoul - 모니카유 / Monica Yoo (1966)

9 종점 / Endpoint - 최희준 / Choi Hee-Joon (1966)

10 평화의 나팔소리 / The trumpet of peace - 이정자 / Silver Bells (1966)

11 고향무정 / Heartless Hometown - 오기택 / Oh-Ki-Taek (1966)

12 엄마와 아빠의 왈츠 / Mama and Dady Waltz - 황인순 / Hwang In-Sun (1969)

ref. "Mama and Dady Waltz"

13 열쇠를 파는 사나이 / The key to selling man - 박형준 / Park, Hyun-Joon (1966)

14 오늘 같은 날은 / A day like today - 김상희 / Kim Sang-Hee (1965)

15 함께 가실까요 / Shall we get together - 유주용 / Yu Ju-Young (1966)

16 별들에게 물어봐 / Ask the stars - 이 시스터즈 / Lee Sisters (1966)

17 아빠의 청춘 / Dad's youth - 오기택 /Oh-Ki-Taek (1966)

18 엄처시하 - 최희준 / Choi Hee-Joon (1965)

19 갑돌이와 갑순이 - 최숙자 / Choi, Sook-Ja, 김세레나 / Kim Serena (1966)

20 마도로스 아홉 살 / 9 year old Madorose - 오은주 / Oh Eun-Joo (1965)

21 아빠는 마도로스 - 하춘화 / Ha Chun-Wha / Ha Choon Wha (1961)

22 정든 배는 떠난다 / Beloved ship is leaving - 키 보이스 / Key Boys (1964)

CD5, the crooner approach..

The fifth CD shows the crooners-related songs and style following in this period. This includes a few American covers, new pop and new folk songs (continuing in the Trot tradition, in a predictable rhythm, and with ok or good arrangements. We have some Elvis-like (track 2) and Roy Orbinson-alike (track 11) and other crooner-like songs. Arrangements still include electric picking guitar everywhere, less often are accordion, which is now more often replaced by organ, but the strings are always there. “Lovers" by Heyon Mi is a rockier sort of crooner. Exceptional, and to take out is the well interpreted cover “Sing Sing Sing” by Lee Keum-Hee, who shows a good singing voice, singing with a powerful swinging jazz background. Her voice and interpretation has international appeal. Also Yun Bok-Hee also has a rather good voice and also sings with a jazz background. Bon Bon (track 15) is a good boys harmony band, who performs a very good vocal harmony interpretation with voices. I have later album with mid to late 60s sound, this has an earlier sound. Comparable in the context is track 21, by the Johnny Brothers, showing healthy boys group singing like government music of positive vibe promotion, with rather jazzy rather marching background. Also the last track (track 22) by Bon Bon again is such a voice of positive nationalism, a track called “Bravo Marine corps”, with a rather uplifting marching rolling rhythm and singing and clapping and bravo shouting. This is already from a different area, perfect as last few tracks. In between those tracks I still wanted to mention the track of Kim Serena (track 19) which shows how to interpret Korean folk in p’ansori tradition while being accompanied perfectly fitting with a mainstream jazz/plucked strings arrangement.

DISC 5 01 . 뜨거운 안녕(쟈니리) 외 21곡

1 뜨거운 안녕 - 쟈니 리 /Johnny Lee (from Keyboys) (1959)

2 낙엽따라 가버린 사랑 - 차중락 / Cha Joong-Rak (from Guys & Dolls/ Key Boys) (1972)

ref. "Anything that's part of you" (1966)

3 다시는 돌아오지 않으리 / I’ll never come back - 윤복희 / Yun Bok-Hee (1967)

4 돌아가는 삼각지 / Triangle back - 배호 / Bae-Ho (1967)

5 옛 이야기 / old story - 최희준 / Choi Hee-Joon (1967)

6 애인 / Lovers - 현미 / Hyeon Mi (1967)

7 비나리는 판문점 - 오기택 / Oh-Ki-Taek (1967)

8 안개속에 가버린 사람 / Who went away in the fog - 배호 / Bae-Ho (1967)

9 여인의 눈물 / Tears of a woman - 리타 김 / Rita Kim (1967)

10 내일은 해가 뜬다 / Tomorrow, it will come - 쟈니 리 /Johnny Lee (from Key Boys) (1966)

11 눈물 맺힌 나의 기도 / Tears in my prayers - 김선 / Kim ? (1966)

ref. "My Prayer"

12 눈물을 감추고 / To hide the tears - 위키리 / Wicky Lee (1966)

13 안개 낀 장충단 공원 / Misty Park of 안개낀 - 배호 / Bae-Ho (1967)

14 씽씽씽 / Sing Sing Sing - 이금희 / Lee Keum-Hee (Key Boys) (1966)

15 꽃집 아가씨 / Florists lady - 봉봉 / Bon Bon (1967)

16 웃는 얼굴 다정해도 / even sweet smiling face - 윤복희 / Yun Bok-Hee (1967)

17 대머리 총각 / Bad Bachelor - 김상희 / Kim Sang-Hee (1967)

18 청춘을 돌려다오 - 신행일 / Sin Heng-Il (1967)

19 남원산성 - 김세레나 / Kim Serena (1968)

20 초가삼간 - 최정자 / Choi Jung-Ja (1967)

21 수평선 / Horizon - 쟈니브라더스 / Johnny Brothers (1966)

22 부라보 해병대 / Bravo Marine Corps - 봉봉 / Bon Bon (1967)

CD6, early 60 Western styled songs.. and the introduction of harmony singers..

The 6th CD continues to show the in fact rather matured and also rather completely Westernised style of song music, which comes close to American crooner music from the late 50s, early 60s, in the most tasteful way. The atmosphere is always warm, the voices professional. Patty Kim’s voice for instance is soulful. Yig Yu-Hang’s low cowboy voice voice (track 2) is like singing a song from a western movie, with lush strings and electric guitar. Cha Joong-Rak’s voice (Key Boys) has something of a slow Elvis Presley singing and also on track 8 he has something of Roy Orbinson. Also a voice like Bae-Ho who is working in the mainstream popular music area (almost schlager-like at times, still in a good way) still distinguishes himself with it’s voice qualities. The rhythms are always easy pop rhythms. One track (17) was a tango song with strings and accordion lead. The last few tracks show harmony singers too. Lee Sisters first track (19) is a twist with early 50s harmonies. BonBon’s male harmony singing is warm and pleasant too. The last track (Choi Jeong-Ja) is new Korean folk in a Trot context (strings, easy arrangement but Korean folk-inspired rhythms/melody).

DISC 6 01 . 9월의 노래(패티김) 외 21곡

1 9월의 노래 / September Song - 패티김 / Patti Kim (1969)

2 네잎 크로바 / Four Leaf Clover - 이규항 / Yig Yu-Hang (1968)

3 안개 / Fog - 정훈희 / Jung Hoon-hee (1967)

4 사랑의 종말 / End of Love - 차중락 / Cha Joong-Rak (Key Boys) (1967)

5 바람 / Wind - 현미 / Hyeon Mi (1968)

6 부모 / Parents - 유주용 / Yu Ju-Yong (1968)

7 무정한 밤배 / Heartless … - 패티김 / Patti Kim (1967)

8 그대는 가고 / You are leaving - 차중락 / Cha Joong-Rak (Key Boys) (1967)

9 누가 울어 / He/She Who Cries - 배호 / Bae-Ho (1967)

10 강 건너 등불 / river crossing lantern - 정훈희 / Jung Hoon-hee (1967)

11 무작정 걷고싶어 / I want to walk aimlessly - 정원 / Jung Won (1967)

12 추억 / December Memories - 배호 / Bae-Ho (1967)

13 철 없는 아내 / Hot Woman - 차중락 / Cha Joong-Rak (Key Boys) (1967)

14 산마을 / The mountain village - 박형준 / Park Hyun-Joon (1967)

15 노신사 / The Shrine - 최희준 / Choi Hee-Joon (1968)

16 연자마을 아가씨 - 패티김 / Patti Kim (1968)

17 남의 속도 모르고 / The public does not know the speed - 배호 / Bae-Ho (19687)

18 두 사람 / The two men - 현미 / Hyeon Mi (1967)

19 날씬한 아가씨끼리 / getting together - 이 시스터즈 / Lee Sisters (1967)

20 사랑을 하면 예뻐져요 - 봉봉 / Bon Bon (1967)

21 여군 미스리 / Mistress Miss Lee - 이 시스터즈 / Lee Sisters (1968)

22 처녀농군 - 최정자 / Choi Jeong-Ja (1968)

CD7, the addition of twist and psych-pop influences

The next disc shows a continuation of the positive energy gradually bringing it to a next level of expression, in this case with the welcome expression of early pop-psych & a few extracting elements with a twist/rock’n roll-area reference, most often still in slow song mode. Several tracks on this disc refer to early He5 and it’s singers. Strings are used less often here, and more heard are the electric rhythm guitar, a bit of brass and melodic/moody organ and piano. From the singers, also Han Sang-Ill sounds a bit Roy Orbinson-like. Fanny Sisters are another band of early harmony singers. Also their accompaniment is more with organ/sax. Most clearly going into the psych/pop/rock direction is the track by Yan Mi Lahn (organ, fuzz guitar, organ, drum & bass, sax).

DISC 7 01 . 달콤하고 상냥하게(양미란) 외 21곡

1 달콤하고 상냥하게 / Sweet and gentle - 양미란 / Yang Mi-Lahn (He5) (1969)

2 서울의 찬가 / Seoul's Hymn - 패티김 / Patti Kim (1969)

3 짬 좀 내줘요 - 화니시스터즈 / Fanny Sisters (1969)

4 초원 / Meadow - 히파이브 / He 5 (1969)

5 봄길 - 양미란 / Yang Mi-Lahn (He5) (1969)

6 나 홀로 걸으면 / Walking Alone - 리타 김 / Rita Kim/Lima Kim

7 인형집 아가씨 / Doll house lady - 김아란 / Kim Aran (1970)

8 범띠 가시내 - 양미란 / Yang Mi-Lahn (He5) (1970)

9 집세기 신고 왔네 - 김세레나 / Kim Serena (1971)

10 꽃타령 - 김세레나 / Kim Serena (1969)

11 별빛 속의 연가 - 문주란 / Moon Joo-Ran/Mun Ju-Ran (1969)

12 명동 나그네 - 조영남 / Cho Young-Nam/Jo Young-Nam (1969)

13 휘파람 / Whistle - 양미란 / Yang Mi-Lahn (He5) (1970)

14 꽃잎에 새긴 사랑 - 차도균 / Cha Doh-Kyoon (Four Dynamics/Key Boys) (1968)

15 주란꽃 / Juran flowers - 문주란 / Moon Joo-Ran/Mun Ju-Ran (1969)

16 영아는 내 사랑 - 한상일 / Han Sang-Ill (1969)

ref. Ray Peterson: "Tell Laura I love her"

17 내 마음 깊은 곳에 / The depths of my heart - 조영남 / Cho Young Nam (1969)

18 희미한 옛사랑의 그림자 / The faint shadow of Yetsarang - 블루벨즈 / Blue Bells (1969)

ref. Los Tres Diamantes: "Luna Llena (full moon)"

19 내 친구 / My Friends - 임성호 / Im Seong-Ho (1970)

20 이정표 없는 거리 / milestones, no distance - 김상진 / Kim Sang-Jin (1970)

21 고향의 강 / Hometown River - 남상규 / Nam Sang-Kyu (1971)

22 이별 / Farewell - 패티김 / Patti Kim (1974)

CD8, the change towards guitar folk with singer/songwriter..

On the 8th disc, the delicate guitar folk scene has been presented and introduced. Park In Hee’s track is still in between worlds, with organ/piano/vibraphone and violin, her singing in waltz style and with spoken word already fits with that. From this scene, I have already reviewed before Toi et Moi (guitar/harmony vocals) and Yu Seok-Suh (two picking guitars and warm voice and subtle harmonies). Similar to this are Yoon Hyung-Ju, Hong Min, Seo Yoo-Seok & Song Chang-Sik. And also the further on the CD listed Lee Pil-Won, and the duo Choo An-Soo with Ebonys. With a bit more folk-rock in its sound we have the track by the Sesam Trio (jazz flute solos, picking, bass, drums) showing also some harmony vocals further in the song where its singing movement goes from folk-rock to a slightly crooner style, varying in an original, inspired way.

The Lily Sisters fit with the earlier harmony girl groups, while they are accompanied by acoustic guitars and flute, fitting this time with the folk singers movement.

The track by Kim In-Soon is a more pop orientated song, accompanied by a barrel organ-like rhythm, is performed up-tempo and with violins to it. Lee Yun-Sil sounds also like mainstream Pop, while it’s accompaniment at the same time is influenced by the folk movement. You hear a folkier singing, very lightly sounding rhythms and arrangement between something acoustic (with flutes and such) and is programmed.

The track by Im Sung-Hoon is a mainstream song but with electric guitar pickings, also here the rhythmic arrangements are light.

The Park-In Soo track is a good rockabilly track with special way of singing, with sax, electric rhythm guitar and strangely enough also folk violin in the background. I hear the word “Suspicion”, but the track translation states “Suspected love”.

The track by Lee Seong-Ae is very good jazz swing with some convincing jazz singing. Real pop/rock with psych associations (nice organ and electric guitar harmonies, good song and arrangement) is provided by Devils, a great track.

Fitting strangely well with the jazz pop track of before that is the cover of “Champs Elisee”, a 60s folk/pop rocker sung by Sun Woo-Sung. It features a bit of harmony singing and a clarinet solo. Then we also have a folk-rock interpretation of “Green one hundred dollars”, sung completely in English, with nice vocal harmony arrangements, mixed male/female singers, with an almost gospel-like singing.

More arranged than a folk arrangement, with keyboards mostly is the track by Kim Jung Ho, a melancholic track, fitting also a bit more with the crooner style ballads. Also the track by Yun Hang-Ki (with strings and organ, rhythm electric guitar mostly, harmony vocals) fits with that one. The last Hahn Dae So track is a folk-rock hand-clapper, sung in a Dylan fashion, and with a mouth harmonica solo and conga rhythms, organ, drum/guitar strums.

DISC 8 01 . 얼굴(박인희) 외 21곡

1 얼굴 (시낭송) / Face - 박인희 / Park In-Hee (1973)

2 두 개의 작은 별 / of two small stars - 윤형주 / Yoon Hyung-Ju (1974)

ref.Heintje: "Zwei Kleine Storine"

3 약속 / Promise - 뚜와 에 무와 / Toi et Moi (1970)

4 사모하는 마음 / hearts' desire - 서유석 / Yu Seok-Suh (1970)

ref.Chad Mitchell Trio/Harry Belafonte : "I adore her"

5 고별 / Farewell - 홍민 / Hong Min (1972)

ref. "Stringiti alla mia mano"

6 고향 / Home - 서유석 / Seo Yoo-Seok, 송창식 / Song Chang-Sik (1970)

ref. "Mi casa Su Casa"

7 짝사랑 / Crush - 릴리시스터즈 / Lily Sisters (19720)

8 철날 때도 됐지 - 서유석 / Seo Yoo-Seok (1974)

ref. Marry Haggard : "Okie from Muskogee" (1970)

9 언니의 일기 / big sister's diary - 김인순 / Kim In-Soon

10 여름밤의 이야기 / Midsummer Night's story - 이연실 / Lee Yun-Sil (1975)

11 당신은 몰라 / You do not know - 임성훈 / Im Sung-Hoon (He6) (1971)

12 의심 받는 사랑 / Suspected love - 박인수 / Park In-Soo (SJY) (1971)

Elvis Presley: "Suspicion"

13 사랑의 오두막집 / Love shack - 이성애 / Lee Seong-Ae (1971)

14 그리운 건 너 / The good old gun - 데블스 / Devils (1974)

15 샹제리제 / Champs-Elisée - 선우성 / Sun Woo-Sung (1974)

16 그린 백 달러 - 히치하이커 / Green one hundred U.S. dollars / Green Back Dollar (1971)

ref. Kingston Trio

17 소녀 / Girls - 이필원 / Lee Pil-Won (1971)

18 소녀의 마음 / The girl's heart - 최안순 / Choi An-Soo & 에보니스 / Ebonys (1973)

19 비야 너는 나그네 - 전항 / (Sesam Trio) (1974)

20 기다리는 마음 / heart's waiting - 김정호 / Kim Jung-Ho/Kim Yung-Ho

21 별이 빛나는 밤에 / starry night - 윤항기 / Yun Hang-Ki (1976)

22 고무신 / Rubber shoes - 한대수 / Hahn Dae-Soo

ref. T.Farrington

CD9, bigger ballroomentertainment..

The 9th CD clearly shows musical-like versions of songs with orchestra, and at times with near classical singing or at least influenced by Hollywood or otherwise by classical music (especially track 1 which has more operatic vocals). Otherwise it seems as if theatre is involved. Solos and drives are more often provided by accordion. This sounds like music from the 40s but it isn’t (listen to Lee Sohn as an example). Often heard are waltzes. On the track of Mun Jeang-Suk there’s a trumpet solo and a hint to 30s jazz. An Jung-Ae’s track is a tango-like song with Korean folk influences played first by accordion and violin and small orchestra, showing a few strange overdubs of voice, a strange unusual overdub experiment. The track by Na Ae-Sim is in old ballroom style with orchestra. The track by Hwang Keum-Sim is Korean folk with accordion, a small part of Korean clarinet, flute/orchestra and electric bass/accordion. Also the next few tracks are Korean new folk with accordion and orchestra, never too surprising or, except for small details with too distinctive differences in song, arrangements and so on. A nice inclusion is the cover of Rollin’, interpreted well in English by Im Hyeon-Gi, ballroom orchestra and musical-like backing female singers, worth hearing this different version. Equally odd with theatrical movie music brass and strings orchestra and male backing choir is a western-like movie song (Kang Soo-Hyang). The lLast two tracks could have been recorded/produced/mixed better.

DISC 9 01 . 저구름 흘러가는곳(박옥련.김동진) 외 21곡

1 저 구름 흘러가는 곳 / Low clouds passing away -

박옥련 / Park Ok-Ryeon, 김동진 / Kim Dong-Jin (1960)

2 카츄사의 노래 / Kyachyu's song - 송민도 / Song Min-Do (1960)

3 원일의 노래 - 최무룡 / Choi Mu-Ryong (1960)

4 눈 나리는 밤 / Naira's eyes at night - 오정심 / Oh Jeong-Sim (1968)

5 정순의 노래 (찔레꽃) / Ascending Song - 이경희 / Kyung Hee-Lee (1967)

6 꿈은 사라지고 / dream is gone - 최무룡 / Choi Mu-Ryong (1959)

7 그리운 님 / Nostalgia - 나애심 / Na Ae-Sim (1959)

8 수일의 노래 / songs of several days - 남인수 / Na Min-Soo (1959)

9 비오는 날의 오후 3시 / rainy day - 손시향 / Lee Sohn (1959)

10 그 이름을 잊으리 / Forget the name Lee - 최무룡 / Choi Mu-Ryong (1959)

11 심야의 부르스 / Midnight Lafayette - 문정숙 /Mun Jeong-Suk (1960)

12 길은 멀어도 - 안정애 / An Jung-Ae (1960)

13 아카시아 꽃잎 필 때 - 나애심 / Na Ae-Sim (1962)

14 장희빈 - 황금심 / Hwang Keum-Sim (1959)

15 여자의 일생 / a woman's lifetime - 황금심 / Hwang Keum-Sim (1962)

16 주유천하 / Oiling the earth - 명국환 / Myeong Kook-Hwan (1962)

17 피리불던 모녀 고개 - 황금심 / Hwang Keum-Sim (1962)

18 햇빛 없는 그림자 / the sun without shadow -

이미자 / Lee Mi-Ja, 황금심 / Hwang Keum-Sim (1964)

19 아무리 옷이 날개라지만 / no matter how the clothes make the man routinely

- 김승호 / Kim, Seung-Ho (1963)

20 모녀기타 / Mother & Daughter's differences - 최숙자 / Choi Sook-Ja (1964)

21 로하이드 / Rollin' - 임현기 / Im Hyeon-Gi (1960)

22 쏘만국경(蘇滿國境) - 강수향 / Kang Soo-Hyang (1964)

CD10, healthy songs and positive vibes..

The first track with orchestra and loud healthy singing, a marching song by Johnny Brothers is a real feel good (perhaps a government commission for a Healthy song?). Also track 6 by Sand Pebbles member Kim Young-Guk gives that impression, singing together vocals and a marching rhythm. Also a later track on the album with Choi Hee-Joon confirms again that positive vibe of harmony singing (heyhoo). Also the Bae-Ho song sounds like a positive vibe song that could still fit in a western movie. Many of the tracks on the last CD are slower songs. The second track by Choi Hee-Joon and the Johnny Brothers reveal besides a slow jazz deep voice slow pop song, a group of male harmony singers singing loud in the background. On the slightly jazzy track by Han Myung-Sook I hear the English words “My Darling.” On the track by Kim Sang-Hee peeps through a Beebop sound. The track by Mun Jeong-Suk sounds a bit Chinese. There are exotic percussive elements. Tommy’s track is a late rock’n roll crooner. Chung Sisters sing with harmony vocals too. It is a slow waltz with strings and flute and could fit in a musical. There’s a real western-imitating typed Twist songs here too, by Twist Kim (a bit like the Japanese would play twist). Another unusual track is by Blue Bells that starts with Spanish acoustic guitars, features lush strings and group harmony singing, another distinctive good track. Last harmony vocals band listed is Fanny Sisters, with a sound that could fit in a musical as well. The last track by Park Tae-Beom is a nicely orchestrated happy waltz.

DISC 10 01 . 빨간 마후라(쟈니브라더스) 외 21곡

1 빨간 마후라 / Red muffler - 쟈니브라더스 / Johnny Brothers (1964)

2 가슴을 펴라 / Stretch your chest -

최희준 / Choi Hee-Joon, 쟈니브라더스 & Johnny Brothers (1965)

3 길 잃은 철새 / migrating birds - 최희준 / Choi Hee-Joon (1970)

4 여기 이사람들이 / where these people are - 김상국 / Kim Sang-Kook (1966)

5 내 별은 어느 하늘에 - 한명숙 / Han Myung-Sook (1965)

6 반역 / Treason - 김영국 / Kim Young-Guk (Sand Pebbles) (1965)

7 결혼 지각생 - 김상희 / Kim Sang-Hee (1967)

8 예라이샹(夜來香) - 문정숙 /Mun Jeong-Suk (1966)

9 청춘을 변상해라 - 타미 / Tommy (?) (19656)

10 집 없는 천사 / Home Angels - 정 시스터즈 / Chung Sisters (1966)

11 살살이 몰랐지 - 서영춘 / Seo Young-Chun (1966)

12 국경없는 밤거리 / Nightlife Without Borders - 배호 / Bae-Ho (1966)

13 뜨거워서 싫어요 - 김상희 / Kim Sang-Hee (1967)

14 폭발 1초전 / Seconds before the explosion - 트위스트 김 / Twist Kim (1967)

15 팔도강산 - 최희준 / Choi Hee-Joon, 쟈니브라더스 / Johnny Brothers (1967)

16 배신자 / Traitor - 정원 / Jung Won (1967)

17 사형수 528호 / Prisoner No. 528 - 임현기 / Im Hyeon-Gi (1964)

18 선창 / Dock - 블루벨즈 / Blue Bells (1969)

19 흑점 / Sunset - 양미란 / Yang Mi-Lahn (He5) (1969)

20 언니 시집 좀 가 / I will marry my sister - 화니시스터즈 / Fanny Sisters (1970)

21 꽃동네 새동네 - 정훈희 / Jung Hoon-hee (1970)

22 아빠와 함께 춤을 / Dancing with my dad - 백태범 / Park Tae-Beom (1970)

SP. LP로 듣던 가요사!

[가요 박물관]... 유성기에서 전축까지...아날로그 음원을 완벽한 디지털화 !! 귀한 노래, 금지되었던 노래, 미발표곡까지...추억의 명가요 모음!! 녹음 당시 마스터 테이프의 완벽한 디지털화, 200선 녹음 당시 취입본이 원음 그대로 생생하게 디지털로 재현될 수 있음에 감사한다. 그만큼 40여년 간 녹음 당시 마스터 테입이 대체로 손상없이 완벽히 보존되어 있었다. 근 40여년간 아무도 열지 않았던 마스터 테이프에서 재생되는 생생한 원음, 그리고 이 소리들이 디지털로 완벽히 복원되는 작업을 지켜보는 일은 사뭇 감격스러웠다. 그 동안 묻혀져 있다가 비로소 발굴, 재생되는 이 노래들과 함께 이 감격이 보다 많은 이들에게 감동으로 이어지길 기대해 본다. - 가요평론가 박 성 서

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